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Old French Dictionary S

   This glossary (S) can provide a valuable reference for French words in general use during the 15th century, including appropriate Latin, Castilian, Old Latin, Greek, Catalan, etc., references. New words will be added to this dictionary periodically as they become available.



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Sa/Ses - (O.F. a. f. possessive) her, its, their

Saccager - (O.F. v.) sack, destroy

Sacer - (O.F. n.) priest
         note: ancient French "sacer" - sacred one, priest

Sacre - (F. a.) sacred, priestly, holy

Sacrifice - (O.F. n.) sacrifice, religious offering

Saignera - (O.F. v. fut.) will bleed

Saint/Sainct - (O.F. a.) sainted, saint, holy

Saisi/Saisiz - (O.F. v.) seize, seized

Samarobryn - (O.F. p.) spreading all over, overlaying, coating, etc..

Sang - (O.F. n.) blood

Sanguin - (O.F. a.) bloody, ruddy, a hearty celebration

Sans - (O.F. p.) without

Sante - (F. n.) health, wellness

Sardaigne - (O.F. n.) Sardinia

Satrapie - (O.F. n.) satrap, tyrannical government

Sauts - (O.F. n. plur) great leaps, efforts, accomplishments

Sauve - (O.F. a.) wild, savage

Sauve - (O.F. p.) saved, protected

Scaura - (O.F. v. fut.) will know

Sceleste - (O.F. n.) criminal, villain

Sceptre - (O.F. n.) scepter, law, authority

Scisme - (O.F. n.) schism

Script - (O.F. n.) script, writing, lettering

Scyphe - (O.F. n.) chalice

Se - (O.F. p.) oneself, himself, themselves, etc.

Secours - (O.F. n.) help, aid, pity

Seconde - (F. a.) second, next in line

Secret - (O.F. a.) secret, hidden

Secte - (O.F. n.) sect, religious group

Seductive - (O.F. a.) seductive

Seduicts - (O.F. v.) seduce, deceive

Seduira - (O.F. v. fut.) will seduce, will deceive

Seicher - (O.F. v.) drying up, withering away, wasting away

Seige - (O.F. n.) the rich, Lordly masters

Seing - (O.F. n.) sign, signature

Sel - (O.F. n.) salt, money

Selin - (O.F. n.) Sultan (Selim)

Seline - (O.F. n.) Adriatic

Selle - (O.F. n.) stool, footstool

Senat - (O.F. n.) Senate, Parliament

Senestre - (O.F. a.) evil, sinister

Sens - (O.F. p.) sensing, understanding

Sept - (O.F. a.) seven, seventh

Sept/Septaine - (O.F. a.) Seventh, in Seventh heaven, beyond the bounds or limits

Septante - (O.F. a.) seventy

Scepter/Sceptre - (O.F. n.) law, edict

Sepulchre - (O.F. n.) sepulcher, tomb

Sepulterer - (O.F. v.) bury, entomb, commit to the earth

Sera/Seront - (O.F. v. fut.) is, will be, to make, cause or create

Serrez - (O.F. a.) squeezed, enclosed, confined

Servitude - (O.F. n.) servitude

Servue - (O.F. n.) services

Ses - (O.F. p.) their

Seur - (O.F. v. fut.) one will, they shall

Seul - (O.F. a.) alone, independent

Sex/Sext - (O.F. a.) six, sixth, Pope Sixtus V

Si - (O.F. p.) so, such

Sicile - (O.F. n.) Sicily

Siecle - (O.F. n.) cycle, age, period of time

Siege - (O.F. n.) royal seat, holy seat

Sien - (O.F. p.) singly, on his own, their own

Signe - (O.F. n.) a sign, symbol, mark, insignia, the Christian cross

Signez - (O.F. n. plur.) signs, signals, omens, marked

Simple - (O.F. a.) simple, lowly, innocent

Simulacres - (O.F. a.) similar, image

Singulier - (O.F. a.) singular

Six - (O.F. a.) six

Soeur - (O.F. n.f.) sister

Soif - (O.F. n.) thirst

Soilard - (O.F. n.) "soiled-one", a housekeeper or washperson

Soldat - (O.F. n.) soldier

Solitude - (O.F. n.) peace, quiet, solitude

Soleil/Sol - (O.F. n.) sun, brightness, purity

Soluz - (O.F. a.) alone, solitary, separate

Son - (O.F. p. m. possessive) his, its, their, her

Sonne - (O.F. p.) sounding

Sont - (O.F. p.) imperfect, incorrect

Sordide - (O.F. a.) sordid, mean, antagonous, vile

Sort - (O.F. n.) lottery, lot, chance, choosing, judgement

Sortant - (O.F. p.) out of, out from

Sortira - (O.F. v. fut.) will leave, will depart

Soubz - (O.F. a.) hidden, secret, subtle

Soupire - (O.F. v.) to sigh, gasp

Sous/Souz/Soulz - (O.F. a.) under, hidden, concealed

Sousten - (O.F. v.) sustain, support

Souverain - (O.F. a.) sovereign

Sparte - (O.F. a.) stressed, denied

Suave - (O.F. a.) subtle, sweet, suave, elusive

Subit/Subite - (O.F. a.) sudden

Subjugant - (O.F. v. fut.) will capture, will take, will subjugate

Sublimes - (O.F. a.) raised up

Submerge - (O.F. a.) submerged

Subrogee - (O.F. p.) subrogated

Subscrit - (O.F. n.) attached script

Substance - (O.F. n.) substance

Succedera - (O.F. v. fut.) will succeed

Successeur - (O.F. n.) successor

Succumbera - (O.F. v. fut.) will succumb

Suffocque - (O.F. v.) suffocate, choke, strangle, bring to an end

Suitte - (O.F. n.) chase, pursuit

Suivre/Suyvre - (O.F. v.) follow

Sunto - (O.F. v.) go away, stay away

Superstile - (O.F. v.) overcome, forgotten, forgiven

Sur/Surle - (O.F. p.) on, over, by way of, on top of

Surmontera - (F. v. fut.) will defeat, will overcome

Surnom - (O.F. n.) surname

Surnon - (O.F. p.) none before

Surprendra - (O.F. v. fut.) will surprise, will beguile

Surprins - (O.F. n.) surprise

Surrez - (F. p.) assurred

Sus - (O.F. p.) on, upon, on top of

Suses - (O.F. n.) Swiss

Suscitees - (O.F. v.) resusitate, rise again
         note: from French "susciter" - resusitate

Suses - (O.F. n.) Switzerland

Suspect - (O.F. a.) suspected, mistrusted

Suspendue - (F. p.) suspended

Syree - (O.F. n.) Syria



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   The above glossary (S) lists specific references to many Old French words that were in general use during the 15th century in France.  Its references may also be found in modern French dictionaries such as the Cassell's French Dictionary (hardcover edition) and other older texts.  The Old French word definitions may often be found under classical "class." or figurative "fig." definitions.  If you can't find the appropriate definition in the French section of the dictionary, try doing a reverse look-up in the English section of the same dictionary.  The 15th century Old French language made heavy use of both Latin and Greek words.  These Latin and Greek word definitions can be verified by researching the appropriate Latin or Greek dictionaries.  Some word definitions have survived almost completely intact into modern times, and can be located by simply typing them into an Internet search engine.

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