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Old French Dictionary D

   This glossary (D) can provide a valuable reference for French words in general use during the 15th century, including appropriate Latin, Castilian, Old Latin, Greek, Catalan, etc., references. New words will be added to this dictionary periodically as they become available.



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Dama - (O.F. n.) deer
         note: from Old French "dama, daima" - deer

Dame - (O.F. n.f.) lady, a bustling city

Dans - (O.F. p.) in, into, through, within, etc..

Daulphin/Dauffois - (O.F. n.) Dauphine

Daurade - (O.F. a.) (d'aurade, d'orade) golden, of St. Peter

De - (O.F. p.) of, by, for, to, at, out of, etc..

Debeller - (O.F. v.) conquer, overcome

Debisse - (O.F. v.) debase, detract, weaken

Debout - (O.F. a.) standing, upright

Deceu - (O.F. a.) deceived, circumvented, disappointed, etc..

Deceus - (O.F. n.) deception, deceit

Dedans - (O.F. p.) in, within, toward

Defaillir - (O.F. n.) weariness, hopelessness, failure, despair

Defaite - (O.F. n.) fate

Defection - (O.F. n.) defections

Defension - (O.F. n.) defense, protection

Deffaire/Desfaire - (O.F. a.) undone, ruined

Deffraieur/Deffrayeur - (O.F. a.) powerful, awesome, of frightening power
         note: from French "frayeur" - fright

Defouldat - (O.F. p.) treading upon, stamping down

Dela - (O.F. p.) beyond, on the other side of, etc..

Delivrance - (O.F. p.) delivered

Delivrant - (O.F. v. fut) will deliver

Demeurera - (L. v. fut.) will stay, will remain, will linger, will settle

Demi - (O.F. a.) semi, partial

Demi-Dieu - (O.F. n.) demi-God

Demouree - (O.F. p.) remaining, abiding, overseeing

Des - (O.F. p.) from, of, from this, etc..

Descendu - (O.F. p.) decending, coming down from

Deschassee - (O.F. p.) chased out, chased off, chased away

Descouverte - (O.F. p.) discovered, uncovered, revealed

Descrier - (O.F. v.) decry, devalue, call-in, disparage

Descroissance - (O.F. v.) dry up, disappear

Desjoinct - (O.F. a.) broken apart, in pieces

Desloyal - (O.F. a.) disloyal

Desnier - (O.F. p.) denying

Desolation - (O.F. n.) desolation

Despendre - (O.F. v.) expend, waste, squander

Desrobe - (O.F. a.) exposed, vulnerable

Dessarroy - (O.F. n.) disarray

Dessus - (O.F. p.) above, passing judgement upon, aloft

Destorner - (O.F. a.) altered, twisted, distorted

Determine - (O.F. a.) determined, resolved, concluded, ended

Detrencher - (O.F. v.) cut, cut off, slice, chop down

Deux - (F. a.) two

Devant - (O.F. p.) before, in advance of, etc..

Devin - (O.F. a.) divine, holy

Diane - (O.F. n.) Diana, Artemis, Freya (Goddess of Friday)

Dict - (O.F. p.) spoken, said

Dieu/Dieux - (O.F. n.) God, god, the gods

Diminuer - (O.F. v.) diminish, degrade, shrink

Dira/Diront - (O.F. v., fut.) will talk, will say, will speak

Discorde - (O.F. n.) discord, turmoil

Discouverte - (O.F. p.) discovered, uncovered, revealed

Dishonore - (O.F. a.) dishonored, shamed
         note: from French "deshonore" - dishonor

Divin - (O.F. a.) divine, holy

Divorce - (O.F. n.) divorce

Dix - (O.F. a.) ten

Dixhuict - (O.F. a.) eighteen, eighteenth

Dogmion - (O.F. n.) religious dogma

Doit - (O.F. n.) debt

Domestique - (O.F. a.) tame, domesticated

Dominee - (O.F. p.) governed, ruled, commanded

Donne - (O.F. p.) given. provided, etc.

Donner - (O.F. v.) give, bestow, grant, take on, supplant

Donra - (O.F. v., fut.) will be shown to be, will occur,

D'or - (O.F. a.) of gold, golden

Dormans - (O.F. a.) sleeping, dormant

Double - (O.F. a.) double, two

Doublee - (O.F. p.) doubling, adding to

Douce - (O.F. a.) good, sweet

Douleur/Doleur - (O. F. n.) sorrow, anguish

Doute/Doubte - (O.F. n.) doubt, confusion

Dresse - (O.F. a.) set right, raised, set up

Dressera/Dresseront - (O.F. v., fut.) will straighten, will raise, will dress, will clothe

Droit/Droict - (O.F. n.) jurisdiction, legal domain

Du - (O.F. p.) of, from, in, the, etc..

Duc - (O.F. n.) Duke, Dutchy

D'un - (O.F. a.) the one, of one

Duelle - (O.F. n.) duel, dueler, rival

Dur - (O.F. a.) hard, harsh

Durance - (O.F. a.) enduring, lasting
         note: from French "durer" - to endure

Duumverat - (F. n.) a union, combination, coalition,



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   The above glossary (D) lists specific references to many Old French words that were in general use during the 15th century in France.  Its references may also be found in modern French dictionaries such as the Cassell's French Dictionary (hardcover edition) and other older texts.  The Old French word definitions may often be found under classical "class." or figurative "fig." definitions.  The 15th century Old French language made heavy use of both Latin and Greek words.  These word definitions can often be verified by researching the appropriate Latin or Greek dictionaries.  Some word definitions have survived almost completely intact into modern times, and can be referenced by simply typing them into an Internet search engine.

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