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This glossary (E) can provide a valuable reference for French words in general use during the 15th century, including appropriate Latin, Greek, and Castillian references. New words will be added to this glossary periodically as they become available.
OLD FRENCH DICTIONARY
A B C D E F G H I J L
M N O P Q R S T U V Y
Eage - (O.F. n.) era, age
Eau/Eaux - (O.F. n.f.) water, liquid sustinence, gain, booty
Ecclesiastique - (O.F. a.) ecclesiastical
Edit/Edict - (O.F. n.) edict, royal edict
Effait/Effainct - (O.F. n.) rebuff, opposition, rebuttle, etc.
Effrayeur/Effroy - (O.F. a.) frightening, fearful, awesome
Eglise - (O.F. n.) church (eclesiastic)
Egypte - (O.F. n.f.) Egypt
Electeur - (O.F. n.) inheritor, the elect
Election - (O.F. n.) election
Emmenees - (O.F. n., plur.) takings, capturings
Empereur - (O.F. n.) emperor
Empire - (O.F. n.) empire, decay, impair
Empoisonne - (O.F. p.) poisoning
Emprise - (O.F. n.) enterprise
En - (F. p.) in, on, at, for, etc..
Encontre - (O.F. p.) against, contrary to
Encore - (O.F. p.) even now, yet again, still
Enfant - (O.F. n.) infant, child, clone
- (O.F. a.) shackled, confined
source: Randall Cotgrave's 1611 Old French Dictionary
Enflez - (O.F. p.) swelling, puffing up
Enfrayeur - (O.F. n.) fright, fear
Engaige - (O.F. p.) engaging
Ennemi - (O.F. n.) foe, enemy
- (L. n.) enormous-promontories, ensigns (standing silently)
note: prefix "Enno" - enormous, large,
note: Greek "sigee (sigao)" - standing silently, watching-over
Latin "sigeum" - a promontory
note: Examples of famous Ennosigee include the Roman God Neptune
standing silently watching over sailors at sea, and the modern
Statue of Liberty, standing silently watching over New York Harbor
Ensemble - (O.F. v.) assemble, gather together
Enscriture - (O.F. n.) inscription
Entant - (O.F. n.) child, clone, double
Entendre - (O.F. v.) intend
Entiers - (O.F. a.) nursed, nourished, grassed, fed
Entre - (O.F. p.) between, amongst, together, etc..
Entrebatron - (L. n.) fighting, scuffling
- (O.F. n.) entry, gate, entrance
note: from French "entrer" - enter
Entrera - (O.F. v. fut.) will enter
Entretien - (O.F. n.) obscuration, a "white-out"
Envers - (O.F. n.) downfall, overthrow, undoing
Envers - (O.F. n.) Antwerp
Envie - (O.F. n.) envy
Envoyer - (O.F. v.) to send
Eschelle - (O.F. n.) ladder
Esclandre - (O.F. n.) exclamation, clamor
Escosse - (O.F. n.) Scots, Scotland
Escouter - (L. p.) hearing, listening, harkening
Escriture - (O.F. n.) inscription
Escunder - (O.F. a.) asunder, apart
- (O.F. a.) elected
source: Randall Cotgrave's 1611 French Dictionary
Esleuez - (O.F. p.) lifting, raising
Esloigne - (O.F. a.) far, removed, distant
Esmeuz - (O.F. v.) incite, excite, rise up
Esmotion - (O.F. n) emotion, turmoil, commotion
Espandu - (O.F. p.) spilled, shed, expended, etc.
Esperons - (O.F. v.) to experience, be affected by, expect
Espoir - (O.F. v.) hoping, praying, trusting in
Esponge - (O.F. v.) esponge, absorb
Espouse - (O.F. n.) spouse, wife, bride
Espoventable - (O.F. a.) dreadful, terrible, frightful
Esprit - (O.F. n.) spirit, thought, opinion, soul, ghost
Esprouve - (O.F. v.) approve, examine, review, baptize
Estade - (O.F. n.) stadia
Estage - (O.F. a.) lofty, high, loud
Estaint/Estainct - (O.F. a.) wasted, quenched, experienced
Estat - (O.F. n.) status, condition
Estant - (O.F. v.) to be, exist, I am
Estincelle - (O.F. n.) spark, shooting star, burning ember
- (O.F. v.) is, to be, must be, etc.
note: from French "est" - (present indicative of) "etre"
Estoc - (O.F. n.) a small sword, blade, knife, dagger
Estoient - (O.F. p.) being at, present at, appearing, etc..
Estoite - (O.F. p.) fated, blessed, starrie, destined for high position
Estomac - (O.F. n.) stomach, vitals, source of sustinance
Estrainct - (O.F. p.) estrained, cut off, extinguished
Estrange - (O.F. a.) strange, alien, estranged
Estrangiers - (O.F. n. "of strangers") aliens, foreigners
Estre - (O.F. v.) to be
Estroict - (O.F. a.) straightly, closely, narrowly
Estude - (O.F. n.) study, loft
Et - (O.F. p.) and, but
Eternite - (O.F. n.) eternity
Europe - (O.F. n.) Europe
Eux - (F. p.) they, them
Exces - (O.F. n.) excess
Excroissance - (O.F. n.) excrescence, ejecta
Exempt - (O.F. p.) exempt from, without, etc..
Exigue - (O.F. a.) empty, abandoned, meager
Exilez - (O.F. n. plur.) exiles
Exploict - (O.F. a.) exploratory
Exploree - (F. p.) searching, exploring, surviving
Extipices - (O.F. n.) entrails
Extremes - (O.F. a.) far, remote
OLD FRENCH DICTIONARY:
A B C D E F G H I J L
M N O P Q R S T U V Y
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The above glossary (E) lists specific references to many Old French words that were in general use during the 1500's in France. Its references may also be found in modern French dictionaries such as the Cassell's French Dictionary hardcover edition and other older texts. The Old French word definitions may often be found under classical or figurative definitions. If you can't find the appropriate definition in the French section of the dictionary, try doing a reverse look-up in the English section of the same dictionary. The 15th century Old French language made heavy use of both Latin and Greek words. These Latin and Greek word definitions can be verified by researching the appropriate Latin or Greek dictionaries. Some word definitions have survived almost completely intact into modern times, and can be located by simply typing them into an Internet search engine.
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