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Old French Dictionary E

   This glossary (E) can provide a valuable reference for French words in general use during the 15th century, including appropriate Latin, Castilian, Old Latin, Greek, Catalan, etc., references. New words will be added to this dictionary periodically as they become available.



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Eage - (O.F. n.) era, age

Eau/Eaux - (O.F. n.f.) water, liquid sustinence, gain, booty

Ecclesiastique - (O.F. a.) ecclesiastical

Edit/Edict - (O.F. n.) edict, royal edict

Effait/Effainct - (O.F. n.) rebuff, opposition, rebuttle, etc.

Effrayer - (O.F. v.) to fear, dread

Effrayeur/Effroy - (O.F. a.) frightening, fearful, awesome

Eglise - (O.F. n.) church (eclesiastic)

Egypte - (O.F. n.f.) Egypt

Electeur - (O.F. n.) inheritor, the elect

Election - (O.F. n.) election

Embusches - (O.F. n.) ambushes

Emmenees - (O.F. n., plur.) takings, capturings

Empereur - (O.F. n.) emperor

Empire - (O.F. n.) empire, decay, impair

Empoisonne - (O.F. p.) poisoning

Emprise - (O.F. n.) enterprise

En - (F. p.) as, while, in, on, at, for, etc..

Encontre - (O.F. p.) against, contrary to

Encore - (O.F. p.) even now, yet again, still

Enfant - (O.F. n.) infant, child, clone

Enferrez - (O.F. a.) shackled, confined
         source: Randall Cotgrave's 1611 Old French Dictionary

Enflez - (O.F. p.) swelling, puffing up

Enfoncee - (F. a.) collapsed, felled

Enfrayeur - (O.F. n.) fright, fear

Engaige - (O.F. p.) engaging

Ennemi - (O.F. n.) foe, enemy

Enno-sigee - (L. n.) enormous-promontories, ensigns (standing silently)
         note: prefix "Enno" - enormous, large,
         note: Greek "sigee (sigao)" - standing silently, watching-over
                   Latin "sigeum" - a promontory
         note: Examples of famous Ennosigee include the Roman God Neptune
                   standing silently watching over sailors at sea, and the modern
                   Statue of Liberty, standing silently watching over New York Harbor         

Ensemble - (O.F. v.) assemble, gather together

Enscriture - (O.F. n.) inscription

Entant - (O.F. n.) child, clone, double

Entendre - (O.F. v.) intend

Entiers - (O.F. a.) nursed, nourished, grassed, fed

Entre - (O.F. p.) between, amongst, together, etc..

Entrebatron - (L. n.) fighting, scuffling

Entree - (O.F. n.) entry, gate, entrance
         note: from French "entrer" - enter

Entrera - (O.F. v. fut.) will enter

Entretien - (O.F. n.) obscuration, takeover, a "white-out"

Envers - (O.F. n.) downfall, overthrow, undoing

Envers - (O.F. n.) Antwerp

Envie - (O.F. n.) envy

Envoyer - (O.F. v.) to send

Eschelle - (O.F. n.) ladder

Esclandre - (O.F. n.) exclamation, clamor

Escosse - (O.F. n.) Scots, Scotland

Escouter - (L. p.) hearing, listening, harkening

Escriture - (O.F. n.) inscription

Escunder - (O.F. a.) asunder, apart

Esleu - (O.F. a.) elected
         source: Randall Cotgrave's 1611 French Dictionary

Esleuez - (O.F. p.) lifting, raising

Esloigne - (O.F. a.) far, removed, distant

Esmeuz - (O.F. v.) incite, excite, rise up

Esmotion - (O.F. n) emotion, turmoil, commotion

Espandu - (O.F. p.) spilled, shed, expended, etc.

Esperons - (O.F. v.) endure, be adversely affected by, expect

Espoir - (O.F. v.) hoping, praying, trusting in

Esponge - (O.F. v.) esponge, absorb

Espouse - (O.F. n.) spouse, wife, bride

Espoventable - (O.F. a.) dreadful, terrible, frightful

Esprit - (O.F. n.) spirit, thought, opinion, soul, ghost

Esprouve - (O.F. v.) approve, examine, review, baptize

Estade - (O.F. n.) stadia

Estage - (O.F. a.) lofty, high, loud

Estaint/Estainct - (O.F. a.) wasted, quenched, experienced

Estat - (O.F. n.) status, condition

Estant - (O.F. v.) being, to be, exist, I am

Estincelle - (O.F. n.) spark, shooting star, burning ember

Esto/Estre - (O.F. v.) is, to be, must be, etc.
         note: from French "est" - (present indicative of) "etre"

Estoc - (O.F. n.) a small sword, blade, knife, dagger

Estoient - (O.F. p.) being at, present at, appearing, etc..

Estoite - (O.F. p.) fated, blessed, starrie, destined for high position

Estomac - (O.F. n.) stomach, vitals, source of sustinance

Estrainct - (O.F. p.) estrained, cut off, extinguished

Estrange - (O.F. a.) strange, alien, estranged

Estrangiers - (O.F. n. "of strangers") aliens, foreigners

Estre - (O.F. v.) to be

Estroict - (O.F. a.) straightly, closely, narrowly

Estude - (O.F. n.) study, loft

Et - (O.F. p.) and, but

Eternite - (O.F. n.) eternity

Europe - (O.F. n.) Europe

Eux - (F. p.) they, them

Exces - (O.F. n.) excess

Excroissance - (O.F. n.) excrescence, ejecta

Exempt - (O.F. p.) exempt from, without, etc..

Exigue - (O.F. a.) revealing what is held captive

Exilez - (O.F. n. plur.) exiles

Exploict - (O.F. a.) exploratory

Exploree - (F. p.) searching, exploring, surviving

Extipices - (O.F. n.) entrails

Extremes - (O.F. a.) far, remote



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   The above glossary (E) lists specific references to many Old French words that were in general use during the 1500's in France.  Its references may also be found in modern French dictionaries such as the Cassell's French Dictionary hardcover edition and other older texts.  The Old French word definitions may often be found under classical or figurative definitions.  If you can't find the appropriate definition in the French section of the dictionary, try doing a reverse look-up in the English section of the same dictionary.  The 15th century Old French language made heavy use of both Latin and Greek words.  These Latin and Greek word definitions can be verified by researching the appropriate Latin or Greek dictionaries.  Some word definitions have survived almost completely intact into modern times, and can be located by simply typing them into an Internet search engine.

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