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Old French Dictionary R

   This glossary (R) can provide a valuable reference for French words in general use during the 15th century, including appropriate Latin, Castilian, Old Latin, Greek, Catalan, etc., references. New words will be added to this dictionary periodically as they become available.



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Rabaissera - (O.F. v. fut.) will reduce, diminish, cut off

Rabieuse - (L. a.) rabid, raving, raging, mad

Raisons - (O.F. n. plur.) reasons

Ralie - (O.F. v.) rally

Rameau - (O.F. n.) branch, branching out

Rameaux - (O.F. n.) branch, branches

Rang - (O.F. n.) place, position, location

Ranger - (O.F. v.) to place in order, marshall, utilize, control

Rapine - (O.F. n.) violence

Rapis - (O.F. n.) Paris (anagram)

Rapts - (O.F. p. pl.) robberies, looting

Rasee - (O.F. a.) shaved, clean shaven, razed

Ravoir - (O.F. v.) regain, take back, recover

Raze - (F. a.) razed, ruined, shaved

Reb - (O.F. n.) rebel, rebellious king, antichrist

Rebeller - (O.F. n.) rebellion

Rebours - (O.F. p.) reversed

Receu - (F. p.) received, accepted, greeted

Recouvree - (O.F. p.) recovered

Reduict - (O.F. a.) reduced, altered, changed, rebuilt, restored

Refusera - (O.F. v. fut.) will refuse

Rege - (O.F. n.) the regal one, ruler, master

Regne - (O.F. n.) reign, kingdom, nation, realm
         source: Randall Cotgrave's 1611 Old French Dictionary

Regner - (F. v.) reign

Regret - (F. n.) regret, sorrow

Rempli - (O.F. a.) repleted, recompleted, restored, replenished, made new

Rencontre - (O.F. v.) encounter

Rencontrees - (O.F. n. plur.) encounters with others

Rendre - (O.F. v.) render, undertake, commit, assign

Renomme - (O.F. n.) renown, position, fame, power

Renoue - (F. a.) renewed

Repentir - (O.F. p.) repenting

Repentiras - (O.F. a.) unaware

Repose - (O.F. v.) resting, sitting, reclining

Repoulse - (O.F. v.) repulsing, fighting off

Reprouve - (O.F. a.) reproved, condemned

Republique - (O.F. n.) republic

Respandu - (O.F. p.) shed, spilled, poured out

Respiral - (O.F. n.) breathing, blowing, roaring

Reste - (O.F. n.) the rest, remainder, residue, etc.

Resusciter - (F. v.) resuscitate, resurrect

Retour - (O.F. v.) return

Reveindra - (O.F. v. fut.) will return

Reveue - (O.F. n.) review, military review of troops

Revolu - (O.F. p.) revolved, accomplished, elapsed

Rhin - (O.F. n.) Rhine, Rhineland

Rien - (F. n.) nil, no one, nothing
         source: Randall Cotgrave's 1611 Old French Dictionary

Rigeuer - (O.F. n.) rigor, hardship, severity

Rivera - (O.F. n.) the Spanish leader - Primo de Rivera (Ribera)

Rite/Rit - (O.F. n.) ancient rite

Robe - (O.F. n.) robe, cape, coat

Rochat - (O.F. n.) Prelate

Rochelle - (O.F. n.) La Rochelle (city in France)

Rochier - (O.F. n.) rock, rock or stone cliffs, stone monoliths

Rocs/Rocz - (O.F. n. plur.) rock structures, stone buildings

Roi - (O.F. n.) Leader, Prime Minister, President, Chairman, etc.

Roigneux - (O.F. a.) imperfect, sickly

Romain - (O.F. a.) Roman, Italian

Rome/Romme - (O.F. n.) Rome

Romone - (O.F. n.) Rome

Romulides - (O.F. n.) Romulus, founder of Rome

Ronde - (F. a.) round, around

Rose - (O.F. n.f.) rose, flower

Rosne - (O.F. n.f.) a great river, Rhone, Rhine, Danube

Rouge - (O.F. n.) red, Reds (Socialists), money, Anti-Christians, Anti-Royals

Rougir - (O.F. v.) redden, to make red

Rougira/Rou-gira - (L. v. fut.) will spin-around, will turn-around
         note: rou-gira (round-gyrate)
         Latin: gira - revolve, gyrate, turn
         Catalan: rodagir - rotate, revolve, turn

Rouler - (O.F. v.) catalogue, record

Roustir - (O.F. p.) roasting

Router - (O.F. v.) rout, overthrow, defeat, belch

Roy - (O.F. n.) King (formal title)

Royne - (O.F. n.) Queen

Rude - (O.F. a.) rude

Ruine/Ruineux - (O.F. n.) damage, ruin

Ruinera - (O.F. v. fut.) will be damaged, will be ruined

Ruyne - (O.F. n.) ruin



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   The above glossary (R) lists specific references to many Old French words that were in general use during the 15th century in France.  Its references may also be found in modern French dictionaries such as the Cassell's French Dictionary (hardcover edition) and other older texts.  The Old French word definitions may often be found under classical "class." or figurative "fig." definitions.  If you can't find the appropriate definition in the French section of the dictionary, try doing a reverse look-up in the English section of the same dictionary.  The 15th century Old French language made heavy use of both Latin and Greek words.  These Latin and Greek word definitions can be verified by researching the appropriate Latin or Greek dictionaries.  Some word definitions have survived almost completely intact into modern times, and can be located by simply typing them into an Internet search engine.

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