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Old French Dictionary B

   This glossary (B) can provide a valuable reference for French words in general use during the 15th century, including appropriate Latin, Castilian, Old Latin, Greek, Catalan, etc., references. New words will be added to this dictionary periodically as they become available.



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Babel/Babilon - (O.F. n.f.) Babylon, Iraq

Balance - (O.F. n.) balance, liberty, equality

Bannis - (O.F. p.) bannishing

Barbari - (O.F. n., plur.) barbarians, infidels, unbelievers

Bas - (O.F. a.) low, lower, inferior

Bastard - (O.F. a.) bastardly, illegitimate

Bataille - (O.F. n.) battle

Battre - (O.F. v.) to battle

Beau - (O.F. a.) good

Beaucoup - (O.F. a.) very much, a great deal, etc..

Befroy - (O.F. n.) fear, sudden alarm

Bellique - (O.F. n.) combat, battle
         note: belligerant, bellicose

Bestes - (O.F. n., plur.) beasts, louts, wildmen

Beuf - (O.F. n.) ox
         note: from French "boeuf" - ox

Bien - (O.F. a.) good, very, much, greatly, etc..

Bisance - (O.F. n.) Byzantium, Byzantine

Blanc/Blanche - (O.F. a.) white, snowy, Royals (whites)

Blancheur - (O.F. n.) obscuration, a "white-out"

Blaye - (O.F. n.) Blaye (a city in France)

Blemi - (O.F. a.) blemished, flawed, tarnished

Blesique - (O.F. a.) blessed

Blesser - (O.F. v.) wound, hurt

Blesses - (O.F. n., plur.) blessings, curses

Bois - (O.F. n.) wood, woodland, forest

Boisseau - (O.F. n.) bushel

Boiteux - (O.F. n.) cripple

Bon - (O.F. a.) good

Bon-heur - (O.F. n.) good cause, righteous cause
         note: from French "bon-heur" - "good-hour"

Bouche - (O.F. n.) mouth

Boucher - (O.F. n.) butcher

Boutes - (O.F. n.) end, the end
         note: from French "bout" - "end"

Branche - (O.F. n.) branch, tribe, lineage

Bras - (O.F. n., plur.) arms

Bretaigne - (O.F. n.) Brittany, Britain, Northern France

Brique - (O.F. n.f.) brick

Britannique - (F. a.) British

Bruceles - (O.F. n.) Brussels

Bruine - (O.F. n.) hot blast, bruising attack

Bruineux - (O.F. n.) brutality

Bruite - (O.F. n.) fame, renown, influence

Brune - (O.F. a.) brown, dark

Brusle - (O.F. v.) bristle (with flame), inflame, burn, set afire
         note: from French "bruler" - "burn"

Bueyra/Bueira - (F. a.) consumed, imbibed

Bugie - (F. n.) Barbary Coast

Butin - (O.F. n.) booty, bounty, prize, riches



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   Old French word references may also be found in modern French dictionaries such as the Cassell's French Dictionary hardcover edition and other older texts.  The Old French word definitions may often be found under classical "class." or figurative "fig." definitions.  If you can't find the appropriate definition in the French section of the dictionary, try doing a reverse look-up in the English section of the same dictionary.  The 15th century Old French language made heavy use of both Latin and Greek words.  These Latin and Greek word definitions can be verified by researching the appropriate Latin or Greek dictionaries.  Some word definitions have survived almost completely intact into modern times, and can be located by simply typing them into an Internet search engine.

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