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Old French Dictionary M

   This glossary (M) can provide a valuable reference for French words in general use during the 15th century, including appropriate Latin, Castilian, Old Latin, Greek, Catalan, etc., references. New words will be added to this dictionary periodically as they become available.



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Ma - (O.F. a.) my, mine (possessive)

Mabus - (O.F. n.) sudam (wordgame - mirror image of mabus)

Macelin - (O.F. n.) evil one, cruel one, a person of low birth
         note: Latin - the Roman Emperor Macellinus (Macrinus) the Cruel

Macter/Machter - (O.F. n.) malleable earth

Main - (O.F. n.) hand, taking, pillage

Mais - (F. p.) but, however

Mal - (O.F. a.) bad, evil, grievous, hurtful, painful

Malduit - (O.F. a.) unsuitable

Malefique - (O.F. a.) malefic, harmful, dangerous

Malheureux - (O.F. a.) unhappy, unlucky, ill-timed

Maling - (O.F. n.) malice, evil

Malte - (O.F. n.f.) Malta

Manche - (O.F. n.) sleeve, arm, neck, handle

Manne - (O.F. n.) manna, food

Mansol - (O.F. n.) Great-One, Holy-One, Refined-One, Revered-One
         note: from Latin "Manus Solus" or "Humanus Solus" - Man of the Sun

Marbre - (F. n.) marble

Marc - (O.F. n.) the German $ mark (currency)

Marcher - (O.F. v.) to march

Marinade - (O.F. n.) brine, mixture

Marine - (F. a.) marine, seaside

Maroq - (F. n.) Morocco

Marriage - (O.F. n.) marriage

Mars - (L. n.) war, rebellion, passion, warlike attack
         note: Latin "Mars" - god of war

Masculin - (O.F. a.) masculine

Masques - (O.F. n. plur.) artists, entertainers, performers, actors

Masle - (O.F. n.) male

Mastin - (O.F. n.) master, guardian, watcher, keeper, monk
         note: ancient French "mastins" - guardians of the flock

Matiere - (O.F. n.) subject matter, legal discourse

Mature - (O.F. n.) serious thought, circumspection

Medlier - (O.F. n.) belt, waist sash

Melifique - (F. a.) mellifluous, sweet, pleasant

Mellites - (O.F. n. pl.) Maltese

Mene - (O.F. v.) lead, take, guide, etc..

Menant - (O.F. v. fut.) will lead

Menees - (O.F. n. plur.) exploits, conspiracies, acts, events

Mer - (O.F. n.f.) ocean, sea

Merci - (O.F. n.) thanks, mercy, pity

Mere - (O.F. n.) mother

Meslee - (O.F. n.) mix, tangle, melee, fray

Meslera - (O.F. v., fut.) will mix

Mesme - (O.F. a.) the same, similar

Mettant - (O.F. p.) putting, placing, bring

Mettra - (O.F. v. fut.) will put, advance, recognize, etc..

Mettront - (O.F. v. fut.) will put, will place, will lead, etc..

Meurtre - (O.F. v.) to murder, execute

Midi - (O.F. a.) midday, southern

Mil/Mille - (O.F. a.) thousand

Milan - (O.F. n.) Milan (Italy)

Milieu - (O.F. a.) middle

Mince - (O.F. a.) minced, cut very thin

Mine - (O.F. a.) shown, proven, demonstrated, used up

Mis - (O.F. p.) put, placed, layed, thrust, etc.

Mitre/Mittre - (O.F. n.) a bishop's mitre, or the paper mitre of shame

Mois - (F. n.) month

Moindre - (L. a.) less, lesser, lowest, inferior

Moine - (O.F. n.) monk

Moins - (O.F. a.) less, lest

Monarchie - (O.F. n.) monarchy

Monarque - (O.F. n.) monarch

Monde - (O.F. n.) world

Monstre - (O.F. a.) monstrous, incredible, monster, deformity

Mont - (F. n.) hill, mount

Montaigne - (O.F. n.) mountain

Monument - (O.F. n.) monument

Mords - (O.F. n.) bite, fall, deadly injury

Mors/Mort - (O.F. n.) death, die, dead

Mort - (O.F. a.) dead

Mourir - (O.F. v.) to die, to end, cease to exist

Mourra - (O.F. v., fut.) will die, will end, will cease

Mourant/Mourrez - (O.F. a.) dying, face (of death)

Mouton - (O.F. n.) sheep

Moyen/Moyennant - (O.F. n.) means, methods, actions, deeds

Mueire - (O.F. n.) coating glaze

Multe - (O.F. a.) multiple, many

Munismes - (O.F. n., plur.) stores, supplies, money, currency, booty

Muraille - (F. n.) wall, rampart

Murs/Mures - (F. n. plur.) walls, ramparts

Myrnarmee - (O.F. n.) loyal followers



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  M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   Y



   The above glossary (M) lists specific references to many Old French words that were in general use during the 15th century in France.  Its references may also be found in modern French dictionaries such as the Cassell's French Dictionary (hardcover edition) and other older texts.  The Old French word definitions may often be found under classical "class." or figurative "fig." definitions.  If you can't find the appropriate definition in the French section of the dictionary, try doing a reverse look-up in the English section of the same dictionary.  The 15th century Old French language made heavy use of both Latin and Greek words.  These Latin and Greek word definitions can be verified by researching the appropriate Latin or Greek dictionaries.  Some word definitions have survived almost completely intact into modern times, and can be located by simply typing them into an Internet search engine.

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